The question of whether gig economy workers should be classified as employees or independent contractors may be decided by a federal appeals court.

Former Grubhub food delivery driver Raef Lawson filed a notice of appeal March 7, following his loss Feb. 8 in a bench trial in which he said the company misclassified him. The online food ordering company should have classified him as an employee, and owed him overtime pay and reimbursement for business expenses he’d be entitled to...