The Agriculture Department is withdrawing proposed biotechnology regulations that were put forth under the Obama administration after critical public comments from industry groups.

The USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) announced the withdrawal of a proposed rule Nov. 6, saying the agency must “re-engage with stakeholders to determine the most effective, science-based approach for regulating the products of modern biotechnology” while also protecting plant health.

The proposed rule was open for public comment from Jan. 19, 2017 to...