The pesticide industry is hesitantly looking at new ways to pass a crucial bill to keep afloat the EPA office that registers their products.

The reauthorization of the Pesticide Registration Improvement Act was supposed to be a noncontroversial bill that would breeze through Congress and on to President Donald Trump’s desk. But the legislation (H.R. 1029), which would authorize a fee structure to fund part of the EPA’s Office of Pesticide Programs’ work, has been caught in...