About 200,000 worksites may have failed to comply with OSHA’s new rule requiring employers to electronically file their annual injury and illness log summaries, according to agency figures provided to Bloomberg Environment.

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration was expecting about 350,000 summaries to be submitted by Dec. 31, the agency numbers provided to Bloomberg Environment March 7 show. Instead, employers required to participate submitted 153,653 reports, OSHA said.

Another 60,992 summaries were turned in by workplaces that didn’t need...