Collaboration—not confrontation—and improvements driven by technology, are among the changes workplace safety professionals forecast for 2018.

“The OSHA model is decades old,” Steve Newell, a partner at the safety consulting firm ORCHSE Strategies in Washington, D.C., told Bloomberg Environment. “It is built on enforcement. We think that will change.”

While the Occupational Safety and Health Administration has continued enforcement under President Donald Trump, the agency hasn’t had an administrator since Inauguration Day.

That changes in 2018.

Trump’s nominee to...